Table 3.

Fatty acid composition of flight muscle membranes in bobwhite quails from control, EPA, DHA and EPA+DHA treatment groups

Fatty acidControlEPADHAEPA+DHA
16:024.0±0.622.7±0.621.0±1.120.0±1.2
18:016.8±0.516.1±0.616.6±0.917.3±2.3
18:114.2±0.511.0±0.711.6±1.812.9±1.6
n-6 18:29.4±0.75.4±0.36.5±0.76.1±0.6
n-6 20:4 (ARA)20.9±1.210.7±0.56.3±0.69.3±0.6
n-3 20:5 (EPA)0.1±0.19.4±0.88.1±0.79.1±0.6
n-3 22:50.6±0.31.7±0.13.0±2.50.5±0.2
n-3 22:6 (DHA)14.1±0.817.3±0.622.0±0.717.8±0.5
SFA40.8±0.638.8±137.6±1.337.7±1.5
MUFA14.2±0.511.7±0.711.6±1.812.9±1.6
PUFA45.1±0.744.5±0.745.9±1.842.9±1.0
n-3/n-60.5±0.11.8±0.1*2.1±0.2*1.7±0.1*
DU2.0±0.02.3±0.0*2.4±0.1*2.2±0.0
  • Values are percentages of total fatty acids. Principal component analysis identified that EPA, DHA and ARA were the only fatty acids significantly modified by the diets and they are highlighted in grey. Statistical differences in SFA, MUFA and PUFA, as well as DU and n-3/n-6 ratio in muscle phospholipids, are indicated by asterisks (one-way ANOVA, P<0.05). Values are means ± s.e.m. (N=8, except for DHA treatment group where N=7). See Table 1 for abbreviations