Table 5.

Partial correlation coefficients between toe length and flexor mechanical variables in walks and runs, controlling for the effects of body mass, contact time, toe contact time and toe-out angle

Peak flexor force (N)Flexor impulse (Ns)Negative work (J)Positive work (J)
Force plate trials (single forefoot model)
   Walks0.40 (P=0.08)0.16 (P=0.50)–0.28 (P=0.22)0.26 (P=0.25)
   Runs0.61 (P=0.004)0.71 (P<0.001)–0.59 (P=0.005)0.57 (P=0.007)
Pressure plate trials – hallux data
   Walks–0.18 (P=0.43)–0.23 (P=0.32)0.15 (P=0.51)–0.10 (P=0.67)
   Runs0.37 (P=0.10)0.51 (P=0.02)–0.52 (P=0.02)0.44 (P=0.05)
Pressure plate trials – lateral toe data
   Walks–0.0007 (P=0.99)0.04 (P=0.86)–0.03 (P=0.89)–0.08 (P=0.73)
   Runs0.36 (P=0.11)0.37 (P=0.10)–0.40 (P=0.07)0.33 (P=0.14)
  • Data are means ± s.d. Data for force and pressure plate trials are presented separately. Partial correlation coefficients in bold are significant at the P=0.05 level