Table 5.

Photophore control mechanism in luminous fish

Photophore control*References
Osteichthyes
   Ogcocephalidae
      Dibranchus atlanticusNervous (Adr) Crane, 1968
   Batrachoididea
      Porichthys myriaster, P. notatusNervous (Adr, Nadr, 5-HT)Baguet, 1975; Gariépy and Anctil, 1983
   Myctophidae
      Benthosema glacialeNervous Anctil, 1972
      Diaphus holliNervousBaguet, 1975; Baguet and Marechal, 1976
      Myctophum punctatumNervousAnctil, 1972; Christophe and Baguet, 1982
      Triphoturus mexicanusNervous Barnes and Case, 1974
   Gonostomatidae
      Gonostoma spp.Nervous (Adr)Herring and Morin, 1978; Herring, 1982
      Cyclothone braueriNervous (Adr)J.M. and S. Dupont, unpublished data
   Phosichtyidae
      Ichtyococcus ovatusNervousBaguet, 1975; Baguet and Marechal, 1976
   Sternoptychidae
      Argyropelecus hemygymnusNervous (Adr, Nadr)/NOBaguet and Marechal, 1978; Krönström et al., 2005
      Argyropelecus olfersiNervous (Adr) Bertelsen and Grontveld, 1949
      Maurolicus muelleriNervous (Adr, Nadr) Baguet and Christophe, 1983
      Maurolicus pennantiNervous (Adr) Bertelsen and Grontveld, 1949
   Stomiidae
      Chauliodus sloaniNervous (Adr, Nadr)Denton et al., 1972; J.M., unpublished data
      Echiostoma barbatumNervous (Adr) Harvey, 1931
      Stomias boaNervous (Adr) Baguet, 1975
Chondrichthyes
   Etmopteridae
      Etmopterus spinaxHormonal (PRL, MT,α -MSH)Present study
  • Adr, adrenaline; α-MSH, α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone; MT, melatonin; Nadr, noradrenaline; NO, nitric oxide; PRL, prolactin

  • * The effect of the drugs mentioned is stimulatory except other indication

  • Inhibitory effect

  • Modulatory effect