Table 3.

Nested ANCOVAs comparing Groups 1 (five days wheel access) and 4 (no wheel access)

TransformNWheel accessLine typeMini muscleWheel access× line typeWheel access ×mini muscleEstrous cycleAge
Plasma glucoseNone101 F1,6=8.31 F1,6=1.91F1,78=0.55F1,6=0.10F1,78=0.00F4,78=1.02 F1,78=4.11
P=0.0280 P=0.2163P=0.4595P=0.7591P=0.9901P=0.4011 P=0.0459
Glycogen gastrocnemius^0.2110F1,6=0.48F1,6=2.93 F1,87=82.38 F1,6=1.06F1,87=0.10F4,87=1.41F1,87=1.73
P=0.5150P=0.1376 P<0.0001 P=0.3439P=0.7552P=0.2371P=0.1915
Glycogen soleus^0.3109F1,6=0.08F1,6=0.59F1,86=0.48F1,6=0.81F1,86=0.28F4,86=0.79F1,86=0.00
P=0.7863P=0.4698P=0.4891P=0.4037P=0.5962P=0.5359P=0.9974
Glycogen liver^0.1109F1,6=3.39F1,6=0.00F1,86=0.71F1,6=0.01F1,86=0.59F4,86=1.60F1,86=0.21
P=0.1150P=0.9881P=0.4007P=0.9197P=0.4456P=0.1823P=0.6485
GLUT-4 gastrocnemius^0.5106 F1,6=33.79 F1,6=72.17 F1,83=0.22 F1,6=34.48 F1,83=3.61F4,83=0.70 F1,83=4.59
P=0.0011 P<0.0001 P=0.6390 P=0.0011 P=0.0610P=0.5921 P=0.0351
Glycogen synthase activity ratioLog10105F1,6=4.01F1,6=0.29F1,82=25.51F1,6=0.02F1,82=3.44F4,82=0.33F1,86=0.57
P=0.0921P=0.6085 P<0.0001 P=0.8934P=0.0672P=0.8572P=0.4518
Glycogen synthase fractional velocityLog10105F1,6=0.08F1,6=0.05F1,82=4.49F1,6=0.17F1,82=0.16F4,82=0.68F1,86=0.32
P=0.7809P=0.8365 P=0.0370 P=0.6919P=0.6923P=0.6055P=0.5715
  • Data were transformed as indicated to improve normality of residuals. Bold font indicates 2-tailed P<0.05, unadjusted for multiple comparisons