Table A1.

Source of wing data

Insect wing data Azuma, 2006
Ellington, 1984
Lehmann and Dickinson, 1998
Marden, 1987
Hummingbird wing data Altshuler, 2001
Chai and Millard, 1997
Stiles et al., 2005
Bat wing data Hartman, 1963
Jones et al., 2003
Norberg et al., 2000
Vaughan et al., 2004
Bird wing dataSlater Museum, 2005–2006*
Tennekes, 1997
Fish pectoral fin data Hove et al., 2001
Combes and Daniel, 2001
Walker and Westneat, 2002
Walker, 2004
Autorotating seed wing data Azuma and Yasuda, 1989
Yamada and Suzuki, 1999