APPENDIX 2

Parameters for hyperbolic decay functions calculated for the particle velocity above and around a bee at the respective direction relative to the intact or wingless bee

Intact Wingless
DirectionxyR2 (%)xyR2 (%)
Above bee
   Vertically oriented*He1890.14551750.1653
Tx5970.08685560.0969
Wt/Abd10840.06693361.3658
Around bee
   Vertically oriented*(i)112.268293.3176
(ii)290.6982132.0373
(iii)3330.0788540.4672
(iv)660.3683560.4372
(v)1010.237283.6966
(vi)3270.0872141.6576
   Horizontally oriented**(i)2710.48761516.2876
(ii)1315.98751315.9472
(iii)1214.9881922.0869
(iv)1314.9979923.1868
(v)1116.9367920.6975
(vi)1315.9778824.2077
  • He, above head; Tx, above thorax; Wt/Abd, above wingtips or abdomen; around the bee (i-vi), see Fig. 1B

    Decay functions: *VAd=xy/y+d; **VAd=xy3/(y+d)3 (see Appendix 1). VAd, particle velocity, p-p, at distance d; x, y: function variables