Table 1.

Morphological details of the bird used in the experiment

Total mass (kg)0.039
Wingspan (m)0.38
Wing areaa (m2)0.015
Aspect ratiob9.6
Shoulder–wingtip (m)0.1789
Body frontal area (m2)0.0017
  • a Defined as the area of both wings including the body area in between

  • b Defined as wingspan squared divided by wing area