Table 6.

Limb segment angles relative to vertical and relative heights of the shoulder and hip

VariableDomestic 4 (16)Serval 2 (7)Ocelot 2 (7)Lynx 1 (4)Leopard 1 (3)Cheetah 3 (12)Cougar 3 (10)Lion 3 (9)Tiger 5 (18)rP
Footfall
    Humerus (deg.)-7±2-3±4-28±3-6±3-29±2-1±1-12±2-8±1-4±10.480.195
    Radius (deg.)42±243±241±343±141±437±138±138±241±2-0.290.457
    Metacarpal (deg.)38±240±240±345±245±836±139±137±138±1-0.380.312
    SH (%FLL)72±171±367±268±159±377±175±277±275±20.280.465
    Femur (deg.)33±139±242±240±249±144±138±141±241±2-0.080.839
    Tibia (deg.)-15±2-5±1-2±2-12±1-8±21±1-2±2-5±1-1±10.500.170
    Metatarsal (deg.)46±250±143±347±357±546±146±244±246±2-0.200.598
    HH (%HLL)75±273±472±272±265±178±477±178±376±20.500.169
Midstance
    Humerus (deg.)-45±2-38±5-60±2-60±2-65±2-34±1-45±2-36±2-32±20.750.020
    Radius/Ulna (deg.)8±14±27±29±26±36±14±29±27±1-0.090.827
    Metacarpal (deg.)11±214±313±328±230±716±221±225±218±10.160.673
    SH (%FLL)74±276±472±169±261±280±178±179±277±10.510.160
    Femur (deg.)13±210±320±224±231±620±113±119±221±1-0.060.881
    Tibia (deg.)-51±2-50±3-43±3-47±3-49±5-35±1-34±1-37±1-34±20.620.075
    Metatarsal (deg.)13±211±213±113±223±319±225±324±321±20.670.049
    HH (%HLL)77±278±176±274±263±280±182±279±280±10.290.450
  • Values are means ± s.e.m. r, correlation coefficient between the mean values of kinematics and mass for N=9 species. SH, shoulder height; HH, hip height; FLL, total forelimb length; HLL, total hindlimb length. The numbers of individuals (and strides measured) are indicated beneath each species.