Table 5.

Joint angles at footfall and midstance of the fore- and hindlimbs

Joint angleDomestic 4 (16)Serval 2 (7)Ocelot 2 (7)Lynx 1 (4)Leopard 1 (3)Cheetah 3 (12)Cougar 3 (10)Lion 3 (9)Tiger 5 (18)rP
Footfall
    Elbow129±2132±5109±3129±4108±4142±2129±2134±2134±30.500.166
    Wrist184±2183±2181±3177±2175±4180±2179±3181±2184±30.140.713
    MCP133±3135±3138±3139±1138±9130±1137±2131±2137±2-0.510.158
    Knee130±3134±2132±1127±1121±6133±2137±1134±2135±20.460.214
    Ankle118±3124±2134±5119±3113±7134±2132±2131±3133±20.420.258
    MTP140±2143±2134±4141±3152±7140±1141±3137±3143±2-0.160.675
Mid-stance
    Elbow127±2137±6111±3110±2108±4139±1130±3135±3140±20.750.021
    Wrist176±3169±3173±2161±4156±4170±1163±3165±2169±2-0.210.581
    MCP107±2111±3122±3123±3125±10109±2118±3118±2115±2-0.060.877
    Knee115±3118±6116±2107±499±10124±1132±1124±2125±20.480.191
    Ankle114±3117±2123±2119±1106±4125±1121±3119±4125±20.320.406
    MTP112±2120±7118±2109±2119±5113±2122±3121±4116±20.560.116
  • Values are means ± s.e.m. r, correlation coefficient between the mean values of kinematics and mass for N=9 species. MCP, metacarpal—phalange joint; MTP, metatarsal—phalange joint. The numbers of individuals (and strides measured) are indicated beneath each species.