Table 1.

Holding and pulling forces of Archegozetes longisetosus on substrates of different roughness

Roughness (Ra)
Force (mN)0.05 μm1 μm30 μm
Holding
   Average0.0534±0.0170.4997±0.0920.8959±0.195
   Maximum0.07150.58881.1592
Pulling
   Average0.1275±0.0330.2690±0.0480.3546±0.114
   Maximum0.19620.32370.5199
  • Averages are arithmetic means ± s.d.