Table 2.

Lunge data summary for tagged fin whales

WhaleNumber of lungesMaximum speed (m s-1)Lunge fluking frequency (Hz)Lunge duration (s)Time between consecutive lunges (s)Change in pitch during lunge (deg.)Change in roll during lunge (deg.)Body pitch at jaw opening (deg.)Lunge type
A273.0±0.50.28±0.0415±469±2317±26105±351±6Ventral (21), Lateral (6)
B64.0±0.20.28±0.0214±243±644±989±38±5Lateral
C333.0±0.40.25±0.0416±339±840±1187±124±9Lateral
D43.0±0.30.27±0.0715±141±942±1085±7-3±12Lateral
E232.5±0.40.28±0.0316±333±8Ventral
F223.2±0.60.28±0.0517±440±941±16101±170±5Ventral (9), lateral (13)
G62.7±0.50.23±0.0218±439±11Ventral
Overall mean3.0±0.50.27±0.0416±345±1939±1587±183±8
  • The last three parameters were only calculated for lateral lunges and are thus not shown for whales E and G. Values are means ± s.d. Number of observations for each lunge type is in parentheses.