Table 2.

Summary of descriptive statistics and results of two-way ANOVAs

Average for arena Individual ArenaP
IndAIndBFd.f.PFd.f.PInd×Arena
Wing loading (N m−2)102.0941<0.00193.4081<0.0010.002
Arena 145.84±1.1451.49±2.2848.10±3.29
Arena 234.73±0.9946.22±3.0243.03±5.89
Average for Ind41.88±5.6347.88±3.73 45.33±5.46
Lift coefficient93.5811<0.001134.61<0.0010.002
Arena 12.25±0.122.66±0.172.42±0.25
Arena 21.24±0.062.12±0.241.87±0.45
Average for Ind1.89±0.512.29±0.34 2.12±0.46
Drag coefficient0.00610.9410.02810.8690.698
Arena 10.97±0.170.99±0.190.98±0.17
Arena 21.01±0.270.98±0.220.99±0.23
Average for Ind0.98±0.200.98±0.21 0.98±0.20
Lift-to-drag ratio12.15710.00215.10910.0010.127
Arena 12.39±0.422.77±0.422.54±0.45
Arena 21.29±0.332.31±0.692.02±0.76
Average for Ind1.99±0.662.45±0.64 2.26±0.68
Angle of attack (deg.)21.4281<0.00116.4531<0.0010.849
Arena 143.1±4.237.1±1.440.7±4.5
Arena 247.9±5.442.4±2.244.0±4.1
Average for Ind44.9±5.040.7±3.2 42.5±4.5
Relative camber3.62310.07176.7411<0.001
Arena 10.16±0.000.16±0.00
Arena 20.12±0.010.13±0.010.13±0.01
Average for Ind0.14±0.020.13±0.01 0.14±0.02
Glide angle (deg.)0.59210.448249.9991<0.0010.004
Arena 143.0±0.741.6±1.042.5±1.1
Arena 250.2±0.652.4±2.251.8±2.1
Average for Ind45.6±3.649.0±5.5 47.6±5.0
Velocity (m s−1)20.9721<0.00117.9481<0.0010.915
Arena 15.09±0.115.32±0.075.19±0.15
Arena 24.87±0.205.11±0.155.04±0.19
Average for Ind5.01±0.185.18±0.16 5.11±0.19
  • Values are means ± s.d. Values in bold are overall mean ± s.d. for all trials.

    Ind, individual.