Table 2.

Comparison of length-specific turning radii among taxa

SpeciesCommon nameMeanMean-min 20%MinReferences
Ostracion meleagris Spotted boxfish0.03250.00150.0005(Walker, 2000)
Acanthurus bahanius Ocean surgeonfish-<0.01-(Gerstner, 1999)
Thalassoma bifasciatum Bluehead wrasse-0.02-(Gerstner, 1999)
Stegastes leucostictus Beaugregory damselfish-0.04-(Gerstner, 1999)
Chrysemys picta Painted turtle0.250.04230.0018This paper
Xenomystus nigri Knifefish0.055--(Domenici and Blake, 1997)
Chaetodon capistratus Foureye butterflyfish-0.06-(Gerstner, 1999)
Pterophyllum eimekei Angelfish0.065--(Domenici and Blake, 1991)
Squalus acanthias Spiny dogfish0.067-0.041(Domenici et al., 2004)
Esox lucius Pike0.09--(Domenici and Blake, 1997)
Zalophus californianus Sea lion, male-0.110.09(Fish et al., 2003)
Micropterus dolomieu Bass-0.11-(Webb, 1983)
Coryphaena hippurus Dolphin0.13--(Webb and Keyes, 1981)
Pseudorca crassidens False killer whale-0.150.13(Fish, 2002)
Cephalorhynchus commersonii Commerson's dolphin-0.160.15(Fish, 2002)
Inia geoffrensis Amazon River dolphin-0.160.10(Fish, 2002)
Salmo gairdneri Trout-0.17-(Webb, 1976)
Delphinapterus leucas Beluga whale-0.170.15(Fish, 2002)
Sphyrna lewini Scalloped hammerhead shark0.183--(Kajiura et al., 2003)
Salmo gairdneri Trout-0.18-(Webb, 1983)
Orcinus orca Killer whale-0.180.11(Fish, 2002)
Zalophus californianus Sea lion, female-0.190.16(Fish et al., 2003)
Carcharhinus plumbeus Sandbar shark0.193--(Kajiura et al., 2003)
Tursiops truncatus Bottlenose dolphin-0.190.13(Fish, 2002)
Tursiops truncatus Bottlenose dolphin0.210.090.08(Maresh et al., 2004)
Metynnis hypsauchen Silver dollar0.22--(Webb and Fairchild, 2001)
Seriola dorsalis Yellowtail0.23--(Webb and Keyes, 1981)
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens Pacific white-sided dolphin-0.230.20(Fish, 2002)
Spheniscus humboldti Humboldt penguin-0.24-(Hui, 1985)
Carassius auratus Goldfish0.25--(Webb and Fairchild, 2001)
Pterophyllum scalare Angelfish0.41--(Webb and Fairchild, 2001)
Dineutes horni Whirligig beetle0.860.410.24(Fish and Nicastro, 2003)
Thunnus albacares Yellowfin tuna0.47-0.20(Blake et al., 1995)
Illex illecebrosus Short-finned squid--~0.5(Foyle and O'Dor, 1988)
  • Species are ranked in order of increasing mean turning radius (R/L), using mean-min 20% in place of overall mean when available.

  • When no information is given, values were considered to be overall means.

  • Data represent the minimum five R/L out of 39 trials (minimum 13%).