Table 2.

In-series total fascicle strain data based on level flight measurements

Anterior sternobrachialis Middle sternobrachialis
Pigeon no.DistalProximald.f.PDistalProximald.f.P
10.285±0.0230.455±0.04964<0.00010.297±0.0270.356±0.02964<0.0001
20.334±0.0610.357±0.040920.03530.367±0.0390.280±0.03192<0.0001
30.367±0.0280.400±0.02162<0.00010.439±0.0370.457±0.039720.0562
40.362±0.0440.190±0.02358<0.00010.310±0.0390.360±0.050580.0001
50.228±0.0290.381±0.04166<0.00010.370±0.0470.350±0.038660.0571
60.280±0.0230.436±0.06784<0.00010.420±0.0370.318±0.04472<0.0001
Mean ± s.d.0.309±0.0540.370±0.095100.20560.367±0.0570.353±0.059100.6876
  • Measurements (32<N<47 wingbeats per individual) were obtained from the five middle wingbeats of each flight trial (see Materials and methods).

    Results are individual means ± s.d., with statistical comparisons made between proximal and distal fascicle sites within individuals and the group means (N=6) based on two-tailed t-tests.