Table 2.

Eleven ankle–knee and knee–hip joint angle configurations in degrees used for the isometric maximal voluntary ankle plantarflexion and knee extension contractions

Ankle plantarflexion (degrees) Knee extension (degrees)
Ankle jointKnee jointKnee jointHip joint
1207517090
120110170110
110100170135
120140160120
100110160140
110150140115
90130140140
100170110100
80130110150
9017080110
8017080150
  • Tibia perpendicular to the foot-sole was defined as 90° ankle angle.

    The completely extended trunk and knee were defined as 180° hip and knee joint angles, respectively.