Table 4.

Fractional rates of protein synthesis (ks) and translational efficiency (kRNA) in gills and white muscle of various fish species adapted to different ambient temperatures

Gill Muscle
SpeciesTemperature (°C)kskRNAkskRNAReference
Antarctic fish
   Pachycara brachycephalum011.83.13.54.7This paper (in vitro)
56.12.23.65.8This paper (in vitro)
   Trematomus bernacchii-1.55.30.23 1
   Trematomus hansoni-1.53.21.30.220.23 1
   Trematomus newnesi-1.51.50.12 1
   Gymnodraco acuticeps-1.51.30.120.24 1
   Notothenia corriceps21.60.37 2
   Chaenocephalus aceratus (icefish)20.850.13 2
Temperate fish
   Zoarces viviparus55.01.23.12.6This paper (in vitro)
1018.75.95.39.1This paper (in vitro)
   Anarhichas lupus50.550.74 3
   Carassius carrasssius (FW)100.31.9 4
   Salmo gairdneri (FW)129.10.49 5
   Gadus morhua57.81.3 6
158.81.5
   Oncorhynchus mykiss (FW)1513.962.130.690.81 7
   Opsanus tau220.71 8
   Anguilla anguilla250.49 9
Tropical fish
   Sufflamen verres26150.69 10
   (Triggerfish)30141.14
  • ks fractional protein synthesis rate (% protein synthesized day-1); kRNA (mg protein synthesized mg-1 RNA day-1); FW, freshwater.

    All data were measured in vivo unless stated otherwise.

  • 1 Smith and Haschemeyer, 1980

  • 2 Haschemeyer, 1983

  • 3 McCarthy et al., 1999

  • 4 Smith et al., 1996

  • 5 Houlihan et al., 1986

  • 6 Foster et al., 1992

  • 7 McMillan and Houlihan, 1988

  • 8 Pocrnjic et al., 1983

  • 9 De la Higuera et al., 1999

  • 10 Haschemeyer et al., 1979