Table 1.

Latencies (ms) between activation, strain and kinematic events of the lower jaw during suction feeding in largemouth bass

Gape kinematic events Strain EMG activation
FastPeakClosing onsetClosedOnsetFastPeakReturnOnsetOffset
Gape
    Slow-36±6-62±6-90±10-135±123±4*-42±6-90±7-135±13-27±7-94±12
    Fast-26±1-55±5-98±633±4-6±5*-54±2-99±89±2-58±7
    Peak-28±5-72±759±420±6-28±3-73±835±2-32±7
    Closing onset-44±387±649±8-0±3*-45±464±5-3±3*
    Closed131±893±844±5-1±2*107±741±3
Strain
    Onset-39±6-87±4-132±9-23±6-91±8
    Fast-49±6-93±1015±7-52±9
    Peak-45±665±3-3±5*
    Return108±841±4
    EMG onset-67±6
  • Values are means ± SEM for five individuals with 4-9 feedings per individual. See Fig. 3 for details.

  • * Latency was not significantly different from zero in single t-test (P<0.05).