Table 6.

Summary of variables showing differences (according to univariate ANOVAs) due to stride

VariableWater 2Water 1Ramp 1Ramp 2
Min. humerus-forearm angle 79.0° 68.6°63.0°66.1°
Pelvic girdle angle range 71.4°75.1°79.9° 83.3°
Trunk angle range 37.0°41.2° 43.6° 41.9°
Max. humerus-forearm angle 150.6° 146.2°137.5°140.4°
Min. humerus-ramp angle -20.0°-17.9° -12.8° -15.9°
Min. forearm-ramp angle 125.7° 111.2°108.6°106.4°
Min. femur-ramp angle -21.9°-15.3° -10.0° -12.0°
Max. crus-ramp angle 185.4°190.3°192.1° 195.4°
Time to max trunk angle -5.2% * 1.2%3.8%3.6%
Time to max pelvic girdle-femur angle 74.2% 84.8%91.2%91.3%
Time to min femur-ramp angle 48.0% 60.4%65.1%62.8%
  • Bold type indicates the stride with the greatest value (for angular variables) or the earliest occurrence in the stride (for timing variables). Variables in italic type were not statistically significant but approached significance.

  • * Negative value indicates that the event preceded the strike of the left hindfoot to begin that stride