Table 1.

Mean (range) length changes in the left forelimb of four horses during the stance phase of trot (3.5 m s-1), right lead canter (6 m s-1 and 8 m s-1) and right lead gallop (12 m s-1)

Speed (m s-1)
3.56812
Proximal length change (mm)12 (6-14)6 (4-9)11 (3-16)12 (9-15)
Distal length change (mm)80 (67-86)86 (68-96)96 (80-109)127 (106-128)
Ratio of mean length change Distal:Proximal7.915.212.710.0
  • Proximal length change is that which occurs between the proximal scapula and the elbow joint; distal length change is that which occurs between the elbow and the hoof (N=4).