All (N=90) | P | Walks (N=8) | Non-aerial runs (N=28) | Aerial runs (N=54) | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Velocity (m s^{-1}) | 0.948±0.039 | <0.0001 | 0.642±0.100 | 0.658±0.054 | 1.144+0.039* |
Duty factor (%) | 41.5±0.6 | <0.0001 | 51.4±1.3* | 44.5±0.7 | 38.4±0.5 |
Limb phase (%) | 47.8±0.5 | <0.0001 | 50.6±1.5 | 44.8±0.8* | 49.0±0.6 |
% Recovery | 3.4±0.3 | 0.437 | 3.4±0.9 | 3.1±0.5 | 3.8±0.3 |
Phase shift (degrees) | 13.7±0.2 | 0.643 | 7.4±7.2 | 17.7±3.9 | 14.7±2.8 |
Values are means ± S.E.M. for all 90 steps analyzed, and P values and post-hoc tests for ANOVA comparing walking (duty factors 50% or greater), non-aerial and aerial running (duty factors less than 50%) gaits.
↵* Significantly different post-hoc comparison at P<0.0001.