Table 1.

Wing parameters for real and model hawkmoth wings

Hawkmoth F1 Model hawkmoth wing with offset Model sawtooth hawkmoth wing with offset
R (mm) 52.25 556 556
AR 5.66 6.34 6.33
2(S) 0.511 0.547 0.547
3(S) 0.560 0.588 0.588
  • R, wing length; AR, aspect ratio; 2(S), 3(S), non-dimensional second and third moments of area.