- Strain-specific differences of the effects of stress on memory in Lymnaea
- Heat stress enhances LTM formation in Lymnaea: role of HSPs and DNA methylation
Highlighted Article: A heat shock experienced by a snail enhances the snail's ability to form long-term memory; the up-regulation of heat shock proteins is a necessary requirement for this memory enhancement process.
- A flavanoid component of chocolate quickly reverses an imposed memory deficit
Summary: A naturally occurring substance (flavanol epicatechin, contained in chocolate) can immediately reverse a behavioural state whose phenotype prevents learning and memory formation.
- Memory block: a consequence of conflict resolution
Summary: Snails engage in the concept of ‘necessity knows no law’ as memories not to respond to a food substance are overpowered by hunger.