- Turning performance of brief squid Lolliguncula brevis during attacks on shrimp and fish
Summary: Squid display differences in attack strategies and use of turning performance measures depending on the type of prey they encounter.
- Batoid locomotion: effects of speed on pectoral fin deformation in the little skate, Leucoraja erinacea
Summary: Three-dimensional analysis of pectoral fin movement in the little skate during swimming reveals substantial changes in shape as speed increases.
- Comparative locomotor costs of domestic dogs reveal energetic economy of wolf-like breeds
Summary: Northern breed dogs have lower locomotor transport costs than other breeds, in part due to an energy-saving morphological mechanism retained from their highly cursorial progenitor, the gray wolf.
- Validation of XMALab software for marker-based XROMM
Summary: New motion analysis software offers greater precision and reproducibility than existing tools for tracking markers in videos, yielding greater sensitivity for measuring 3D motions with XROMM animations.
- Light level impacts locomotor biomechanics in a secondarily diurnal gecko, Rhoptropus afer
Highlighted Article: Vision is critical for locomotion, but it is poorly understood in relation to locomotor biomechanics in non-human vertebrates. The secondarily diurnal gecko, Rhoptropus afer, shows changes in speed and posture in low light conditions.
- Hydrodynamic properties of fin whale flippers predict maximum rolling performance
Summary: A simple hydrodynamic model predicts fin whale rolling performance.
- The comparative hydrodynamics of rapid rotation by predatory appendages
Highlighted Article: Blade-element analysis and computational fluid dynamics are both effective for analyzing mantis shrimp strike hydrodynamics. Mantis shrimp appendage diversification is strongly impacted by the hydrodynamic consequences of size and kinematics.
- How moths escape bats: predicting outcomes of predator–prey interactions
Summary: Three-dimensional reconstructions of bat–insect interactions reveal that prey survive chases by escaping into ‘safety zones’ that flank predators.
- Pelvic girdle mobility of cryptodire and pleurodire turtles during walking and swimming
Summary: Despite enclosure of the pelvis in a shell, cryptodire turtles show substantial pelvic movements during walking and swimming that enhance limb excursion and may influence ecological traits of the clade.