- Mechanics of the thorax in flies
Summary: An overview of the structure and mechanics of thorax in insects, with specific emphasis on flies. We specifically explore how the flight apparatus has evolved to meet the steep demands of flight in smaller insects.
- Bristles reduce the force required to ‘fling’ wings apart in the smallest insects
- Wing flexibility improves bumblebee flight stability
Summary: Flexibility of the 1m-cu resilin joint in bumblebee (Bombus impatiens) wings improves stability in forward flight.
- Wind alters landing dynamics in bumblebees
Summary: Wind alters bumblebee landing performance and may preclude optic flow-based strategies for control of landing speed.
- Underwater flight by the planktonic sea butterfly
Highlighted Article: The zooplanktonic sea butterfly Limacina helicina ‘flies’ underwater using many of the same fluid dynamic ‘tricks’ that very small insects use to fly in air.
- Pitch perfect: how fruit flies control their body pitch angle
Summary: High-speed videography of free-flying Drosophila reveals their active control mechanism for counter-pitching perturbations, which is rapid, robust and consistent with linear control theory.
- Body appendages fine-tune posture and moments in freely manoeuvring fruit flies
Summary: In Drosophila, motion control of appendages allows flies to trim out imbalances in moment generation caused by wing damage and abnormal asymmetries of the flight apparatus.
- Bumblebee flight performance in cluttered environments: effects of obstacle orientation, body size and acceleration
Highlighted Article: Large bumblebees exhibit impaired flight performance in cluttered environments compared with small bees; this is not due to the scaling of acceleration performance, however, and may be driven by the allometry of collision avoidance.