Table 6.

Estimated flexor output variables and 95% confidence limits for average and extreme toe lengths, predicted using the multiple regression equations derived from the force plate running trials

Average individual with:Peak flexor force (N)Flexor impulse (Ns)Negative work (J)Positive work (J)
Shortest toes (58 mm)1579 (1273–1884)108 (73–140)–10.7 (–13.8– –7.6)0.0 (–0.9–0.7)
Average toes (69 mm)2002 (1866–2139)170 (155–185)–14.9 (–16.3– –13.5)0.9 (0.6–1.3)
Longest toes (84 mm)2580 (2197–2963)256 (213–299)–20.6 (–24.5– –16.7)2.3 (1.3–3.3)
Longest–shortest difference +1001 N (924–1079) +148 Ns (140–159) –9.9 J (–10.7– –9.1) +2.3 (2.1–2.6)
  • Average values for body mass, contact time, toe contact time and toe-out angle are as in Table 2