Table 4.

Mediolateral and vertical peak turn reaction forces on inside and outside limbs (in body weight units)

Peak forceInsideOutsideSignificance (P<0.05)
L. catta
    Ground m—l FL0.079±0.020 (6)0.278±0.126 (27)out>in
HL0.191±0.106 (15)0.406±0.184 (47)out>in
v FL0.856±0.213 (9)0.892±0.148 (27)ns
HL1.095±0.163 (16)1.241±0.201 (48)out>in
    Branch m—l FL0.110±0.017 (2)0.104±0.054 (13)ns
HL0.252±0.043 (25)-
v FL0.517±0.021 (2)0.461±0.130 (15)ns
HL0.921±0.185 (25)-
E. patas
    Female m—l FL0.096±0.039 (5)0.137±0.055 (13)ns
HL0.132±0.056 (10)0.221±0.130 (2)ns
v FL0.784±0.456 (5)1.234±0.505 (13)ns
HL1.025±0.324 (10)1.531±0.964 (2)ns
    Male m—l FL0.059±0.031 (9)0.077±0.041 (5)ns
HL0.099±0.029 (21)0.098±0.038 (17)ns
v FL0.574±0.086 (9)0.612±0.150 (5)ns
HL0.856±0.208 (21)0.883±0.177 (17)ns
  • Values are means ± s.d. (N).

    Significant differences reported in the last column are based on ANOVAs; ns, not significant.

    Medial and lateral forces were combined for these comparisons. Sample sizes for m—l forces are therefore larger than those in Table 1.

    m—l, mediolateral; v, vertical; FL, forelimb; HL, hindlimb.